Science Leader No More? China Challenges US Dominance
The United States continues to lead the world in scientific research, at least by publishing the majority of biomedical studies in leading journals and losing more money in R & D.
But that may not be the case for a long time, said a group of scientists in an opinion piece published today (June 15) in JCI Insight magazine.
US dominance in the scientific world is gradually declining, researchers found, largely because China has invested large sums of money in science in the past two decades.
In 2015, China’s biomedical research teams ranked the number 4 in the list of 10 for the total number of new findings published in six first-line journals, according to the researchers. In 2000, China was not even among the top 10 on this list (at 14 o’clock), the researchers reported.
In addition, China spent 75 percent of what the US Has spent a total of R & D in 2015, according to the researchers. In 2000, China spent only 12 percent of what the United States spent, which they found.
However, future research could be collaborative. More scientists in the United States and around the world are making new discoveries and advancements in working with international partners, according to researchers.
To get a better idea of the most advanced countries in the scientific world, the researchers studied six major journals (JAMA, Lancet, New England Journal of Medicine, Cell, Nature and Science) and four 2000 mid-range journals in 2015. The researchers also Analyzed R & D investments in each country of this period.
Over the past 15 years, research funds in the United States, Canada, Australia, the United Kingdom and other European countries have stagnated, while China funds has increased significantly, noted searchers.
In 2015, the first 10 slots for the publication of biomedical research articles in top-level journals are destined for the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, China, France / Japan Switzerland, Canada, the Netherlands, Australia and Korea South / Sweden / Italy.
Meanwhile, the first 15 countries that spent more on biomedical R & D were the United States, China, Japan, Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, Italy, Spain, the Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland, South Korea and Singapore.
These analyzes show that South Korea and Singapore are high on the list, according to the researchers.
The results suggest that the United States may one day move to its leading position in the world of scientific and medical research, the study authors said.
“It’s time for US politicians to reflect and decide whether the year-to-year uncertainty in the National Institutes of Health budget [NIH] and cuts are in our best social and national interest” said lead research piece, opinion “Said Dr. Bishr Omary, the Michigan Medical Director of Medicine at the University of Michigan in a statement.
The current road America could discourage the next generation of brilliant American minds from engaging in science, Omary said.
“If we continue down the road we lead, it will be more difficult to maintain our advantage and, more importantly, we want to disillusion the next generation of living biomedical scientists and enthusiasts who see a limited future in the search for a scientist or doctor – career Of investigator, “he said. [Creative genius: the brightest minds in the world]
The researchers carried out the study, as they wonder if the NIH budget, at least until 2015, would affect United States position in the world, they said.
During their research, they discovered that although the Chinese scientists who formed the United States used to work here, they now return to China after the end of their education.
In addition, Singapore recruits the best scientists in the United States and in other countries, now that the country is going to spend more on R & D, the authors of the study noted.